HAZARDOUS AREA EQUIPMENT

Classification of Hazardous Areas

Definition

  • Explosive gas vapours atmospheres
  • Combustible Dust
  • Specific occupancies

 

Group Classification

Hazardous area equipment is specified in terms of the types of gases present or where dust is present.

  • Group I – Underground mining applications
  • Group II – Industries other than mining
  • Group III – Industries having dust or fibres

 

Group I :
Equipment has a representative gas of Methane and all equipment used in underground mining applications fall into this category.

Group II:
As shown in the below table this Group II is segmented into three different representative gas groups, IIA, IIB and IIC.

Group III:
Equipment is segmented concerning the thickness of the dust – Practice A and B regarding maximum surface temperatures relating to the ignition temperatures of the material. The Group III dusts are segmented into three different representative dusts IIIA, IIIB and IIIC, with the worst case being IIIC for conductive dusts.

 

Group Classification and Representative Gas Data Table
Group Classification Representative Gas
I Methane
IIA Propane
IIB Ethylene
IIC Hydrogen, Acetylene

 

Equipment Protection Levels EPLs

The introduction of Equipment Protection Levels ( EPLs ) is provided to give further segregation of products and protection techniques for hazardous areas. The EPLs consider assessment of the risk involved with an installation and the suitable equipment protection techniques. These EPLs are generally in line with Zones, however on risk assessment a higher EPL may be used to provide higher protection. Where an EPL is specified on a hazardous document it takes precedence over the Zone classification.

 

Group Classification and Zone Data Table
Group I Group II Group III
Zone 0 – EPL Ma Zone 0 – EPL Ga Zone 20 – EPL Da
Zone 1 – EPL Ma and Mb Zone 1 – EPL Ga, Gb Zone 21 – EPL Da, Db
Zone 2 – EPL Ga, Gb and Gc Zone 22 – EPL Da, Db and Dc

Serviceline Information